Research has been defined in a number of different ways.
A broad definition of research is given by Martyn Shuttle worth -
In the broadest sense of the word, the definition of research includes any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge.
Another definition of research is given by Creswell who states that -
Research is a process of steps used to collect and analyze information to increase our understanding of a topic or issue.
It consists of three steps: Pose a question, collect data to answer the question, and present an answer to the question.
We say research in an common parlance refers to search of knowledge.
Research comprises "creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications".
It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories. A research project may also be an expansion on past work in the field. To test the validity of instruments, procedures, or experiments, research may replicate elements of prior projects, or the project as a whole.
The primary purposes of basic research (as opposed to applied research) are documentation, discovery, interpretation, or the research and development (R&D) of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge. Approaches to research depend on epistemologies, which vary considerably both within and between humanities and sciences. There are several forms of research: scientific, humanities, artistic, economic, social, business, marketing, practitioner research, etc.
Research by ICSI
Our research is to create an effective network of service companies sharing a common goal that shall keep the service industry updated in every aspect that affects businesses in the rapidly changing technology and industry environment and to bring unity among various segments of this diversified service industry. Our research is expressed best in the form of:-